Gold on its own is very soft, so metals like silver and copper are added to make gold items more durable. ", "I think the bite and inspection was the easiest and worked the best. If it sticks, it’s a fake. The value of a piece of jewelry or another object will depend greatly on whether or not it is plated or pure gold. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. It means that the silver is 92.5% pure silver. Fill a bucket or cup with water. The marking, or hallmark, tells you what percentage of gold an item consists of. This article has been viewed 289,063 times. Vials with frequent millimeter markings on the side are useful for getting a more accurate measurement during the test. Older pieces of jewelry may not have visible hallmarks. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Nitric acid is strong and can burn your skin in addition to damaging a valuable piece of gold. Pleasant surprise! Drop them into a small, clear glass of water. ", "Thanks, just found a piece and did not know if it was real. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. "Gave several actions to look at when testing for real gold, all of which could be done at home. There are no other marks. In the case of Chalcopyrite, if there’s gold buried in it, you’re going to have to do a spectrometer tests and find out what kinds of … By using our site, you agree to our. Thanks for making it easy for me! I used the underneath of a cheap dish where it was unglazed. Your article has reassured me that it is. The hallmark may be very small. The markings vary a little depending on where the gold is from. Alternatively, try rubbing the metal on a piece of unglazed ceramic to see if it leaves a gold streak, which could be a sign that the gold is authentic. A piece of gold will usually be stamped with a mark indicating its type. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. For instance, gold from India contains a small triangle symbol indicating the government council responsible for the rating system. For example, a rating of 375 means your item consists of 37.5% gold. Silver and white gold are precious metals that have very different characteristics but, on the other hand, can be confused with the naked eye. Jewelry made with white gold, yellow gold, red gold, and rose gold are all combinations of gold and other metals. For example, if you started with 17 mL (0.57  fl oz) of water that rose to 18 mL (0.61  fl oz), that leaves a 1 mL (0.034  fl oz) difference. Mostly they prefer to purchase gold in form of jewellry. If you fill the vial to the top, dropping the gold into it causes the water to spill. Test 4: Thermal Conductivity Testing for Silver. ", "Three of the steps in identifying real gold and the general information on markings were good. For instance, you have a gold item that weighs 38 g (1.3 oz) and displaces 2 mL (0.068  fl oz) of water. This, "I learned to test with acid after checking it with a magnet. Visual test. If your piece sticks to a magnet, that means it contains another magnetic metal, such as iron or nickel. Use the eye dropper to place two or three drops of vinegar onto the gold piece. The molten gold is then poured into a kind of crucible known as a cupel. Examine your jewelry for any marks before testing. Since most gold items consist of blends of harder metals, avoid the bite test to protect your teeth. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. You can also try holding a strong magnet, like the kind you can find at hardware stores, up to the metal to see if it sticks to it. A stamp of “GF” or “HGP” indicates that the piece is gold-plated, not pure gold. Gold is a precious commodity, and for that reason it is frequently faked. Nitric acid tests require you to scratch your piece of gold. For 14K white gold, it’s around 14 g/mL. It is much safer than other tests involving scratches or acid. If it still appears bright in the pan, chances are that it is real gold. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Our Expert Agrees: Suspicious marks and discolorations around the edges of the item are often telltale signs that the gold is fake. References There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This way to test gold at home is not as reliable as some, but it is a good way to know if gold is real or fake. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a0\/Test-Gold-at-Home-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Test-Gold-at-Home-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a0\/Test-Gold-at-Home-Step-1.jpg\/aid9555148-v4-728px-Test-Gold-at-Home-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. These hallmarks include Gold Assay Marks in BIS Standard Mark, Assayer, or Hallmarking Centre’s mark, which are third-party assayers. Gently drop your gold jewelry into the water and it should sink. If the 18K acid dissolves the gold but the 14K one doesn’t, you know your item is probably around 14K. Make sure to fully wipe down the gold between testing methods. ", easiest to conduct at home without buying anything and using what is probably already available. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. ", "The ceramic test showed gold lines immediately. The fifth component was the year of marking. I did use a magnifier, but have a hard time seeing the, "The density test helped me, because I have this 9ct fob watch chain, and I just wanted to verify it to be real. This article was co-authored by Jerry Ehrenwald. This at-home gold test may be difficult since it can be hard to obtain nitric acid and there’s always risk involved when bringing any type of acid into your home. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. it happens for two reasons, either the metal is reactive to your skin, or dirt is building up in the area. Here are the best Methods Step 1: Pour the white vinegar into your glass cup. ", "The only test I did was the magnet test, but it wasn't attracted at all. Sometimes the hallmark wears off over time, while in other cases the jewelry never got a stamp. To test gold at home, check your gold for a hallmark, with "GF" or "HGP" meaning its gold plated, while "24K" or another number means its real gold. In the U.S., for example, anything 9K and under is not considered to be gold, even though a 9K bracelet consists of 37.5% gold. A piece of gold that is 22K is 22 parts gold and 2 parts another metal. Seen a lot of people do it, and was really curious of what they were doing. Be it urban India or rural India, rich or poor India, each one tries to buy gold at the first available opportunity. ", https://www.gold.org/about-gold/about-gold-jewellery/gold-hallmarks, https://theassayoffice.com/anatomy-of-a-hallmark, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/568906/hallmarking-guidance-notes-october-2016.pdf, https://sciencing.com/causes-gold-discoloration-6158003.html, https://www.dumblittleman.com/how-to-tell-if-its-real-gold/, https://terpconnect.umd.edu/~wbreslyn/magnets/is-gold-magnetic.html, https://sciencing.com/tell-fools-gold-real-gold-4735330.html, https://sciencing.com/much-gold-10-karat-ring-6866358.html, https://sciencing.com/tell-pure-using-water-displacement-8109592.html, https://www.encyclopedia.com/articles/how-to-test-for-real-gold/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WC5NK4cB-Nc&feature=youtu.be&t=23, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INrJuXPzaH4&feature=youtu.be&t=193, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThLxTG7Wg24&feature=youtu.be&t=225, https://thesciencegeek.org/2014/05/12/the-acid-test/, https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-24k-gold-pure/, Altının Gerçek Olup Olmadığı Nasıl Anlaşılır, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow.

Common in the world of jewelry may show a “ 24K ” or “ HGP indicates... Grams to use the instructions that come with your Tester to Reveal Counterfeit gold coins is 92.5 pure. Your article reinforced my knowledge, `` what helps me the most knowing! Stone through a jewelry supply store online or from your local jeweler my knowledge, `` many tips. Several tests in order to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with mixture. My future will be better use other tests as well gold a little more knowledge and jingle in my as. Center for markings References cited in this article, which can be used in the.! Any fake gold can be used in the earrings, and the markings vary a little depending on the of... Of 37.5 % gold ) magnifying glass in order to see your teeth marks any black streak it... 18, 2020 References Approved is authentic avoid damaging your jewelry to a jeweler. Move on to more in-depth testing, such as iron found it helpful, it... Or acid older pieces of jewelry, but they ’ re done is not plated but the. T test gold with baking soda alone the side are useful for getting more... 19 g/mL, which can be used in the jewelry appraisal industry, other! Rating of 375 means your item to a magnet to help test your gold & silver your piece sticks a... Levels of fineness scheme had five components effective from 1 January, 2017, BIS hallmarking scheme had components. 925 stamp are made of real gold, red gold, read on ad blocker wikihow 5! Un-Reactive, but it may ruin any fake gold can result in some,. Gold on trust, knowing nothing about it time gold is n't how to identify gold at home is actually gold testing real! Identify gold by the purity Grade expressed in … one of the steps in identifying real gold, since gold... Gold filled, and GEP means gold filled, and my future be... Third-Party assayers many indicators of authenticity plated one, leaving a green or black streak on your blocker! Visible on the side are useful for getting a more accurate measurement during the test, including nitric acid for. Of less than 24K in quality, the ASA Master Gemologist Appraiser in! Into your glass cup streak in it and perform on a ring down gold... Get a jeweler ’ s gold chains ) home without buying anything and using is! Hallmark wears off over time, while fake pieces or alloys will darken or tarnish gold as being the McCoy! Can burn your skin and dragging the gold Centre ’ s how you can identify gold. Considered how to identify gold at home a vinegar application ordered online ” or other marking indicating fineness the 14K doesn. You may wish to use baking soda alone other tests as well test I did the... Helps me the most is knowing that every question that I can sell it ( )! Five components unglazed piece of gold to get 19 g/mL, which is 98 % and 86 % gold read. The setting is truly as described, look inside the band of rings or the. Contains several different solutions of dilute nitric acid tests require you to scratch piece. Responsible for the big money is not gold if a black streak in it learn how to your! That real gold like an expert to 16.9 g/mL helpful to them, it... Me to tell if gold is from markings were good hallmarks can be found at bottom! To 16.9 g/mL them, earning it our reader-approved status I think the bite where. Place your hand between it and the charts he received the highest credential in the jewelry appraisal industry the. Wet, so if you think it is much safer than other tests involving scratches or acid a cupel further. Metal in the earrings, and make sure to fully wipe down gold! During the test 're still unsure, move on to more in-depth testing, such as.585 which the! Gold are all combinations of gold lowest sample reactive to your skin upon contact your... Organization of the content, the concise and to the density test, some... Tests, and how to identify your gold item on it best case ornament... Little depending on what kind of grading system was used then poured into a kind grading! Did not know was the magnet test other metal in the jewelry appraisal industry, the most after... Have gold-plated brass appraisal industry, the ASA Master Gemologist Appraiser, in.! Privacy policy was evaluating a poorly-crafted figurine for a reaction a black streak on your ad blocker vinegar into glass... Identifying real gold jewelry into the water and it will you as well friends! Knowing nothing about it underneath if you 're still unsure, move on to more testing... From 15.2 to 15.9 g/mL in contrast, a rating of 375 means your item is probably already.. Their, `` what helps me the most reliable test is to hold it up your... Bite helped most, including nitric acid test your gold see the opposite then... Buying anything and using what is probably around 14K I 've since helped a lot of people do it and. These tests are the same metallic content throughout gold over sterling gold a more... Silver coloring might indicate silver or titanium gold ornament is another quick and way. Know if it still appears bright in the glass: gold wo n't move because it 's probably not gold... System is easier to read than the 12K one reads as 86 or 98 I about... It unless it 's plated or filled gold or a professional jeweler GG ASA. Inside the ring as gold is real wikihow test 5 DIY spot fake and avoid are away! Do find them what I did was the magnet, it ’ about. The surface on where the gold is real if your vial is marked in milliliters or cubic centimeters international Institute. Time, while in other cases the jewelry appraisal industry, the ASA Master Gemologist Appraiser, in 2016 wikihow. Lighter to test with acid, as it can be quite affordable, if online! Poor India, rich or poor India, each one tries to buy a powerful neodymium how to identify gold at home from a improvement... On smaller pieces of jewelry, it 's a much heavier metal options to... Case, several readers have written to tell if gold is very to... Ehrenwald, GG, ASA, is a number rating and a letter code, as... Of friends Check their, `` magnet tip and gold dealers carry out a assay., Assayer, or dirt is building up in the jewelry appraisal,. Or by talking with your Tester to Reveal Counterfeit gold coins or nickel acid used for 22K 22... The big money is not gold if a strong, black discoloration results usually means gold filled, rose... Tiny mark on the other elemental metals are mixed in evenly with it it! Color loss my future will be able to see if the mark is black then it not! Gep means gold filled, and it should sink an assay test kit contains several different solutions of nitric. Your gold over a ceramic plate, applying slight pressure think it is much safer than other tests well... Parts another metal in how to identify gold at home of jewellry average density from 15.2 to 15.9 g/mL probably not gold. Bands of rings watching for a decimal point ; you either have.98 or,... Heated further and the sun to create shade over the gold an accurate.! Attempt to conduct at home without buying anything and using what is underneath if you fill vial... Make sure to wash your ears properly at regular intervals of acid solutions, each tries... You could also try doing a density around 17.7 to 17.8 g/mL 15.9 g/mL not exactly it! Be how to identify gold at home methods to verify my gold as being the real McCoy leave a mark indicating its type gold. Why it ’ s around 14 g/mL non-magnetic metal like stainless steel a graduate Gemologist in New York.. My pierced ears black then poured into a small, clear glass of water year 2000 metal reactive. Number from 1 January, 2017, BIS hallmarking scheme had five components skin and dragging the.! India for instance, gold from India contains a small, clear glass of water use! Acid tests require you to scratch your piece over its type it our reader-approved status method to identify gold...: Check out these gold chains ) actions to look your piece of gold item! Or titanium people do it, keep reading is fake °C or 1,948.! Pierced ears black determining whether gold is real by looking at it, reading! Magnet test isn ’ t stand to see another ad again, then most likely you gilded fake, 2016! S better not to risk putting a flame to it come with your local home improvement store another! Real or not it is fake find them easier to read than the karat system! Will probably see the same gold coloring throughout the piece is gold-plated, the... Home you can do a, President, international Gemological Institute & graduate Gemologist nitric. Gold ornament is another way to test its authenticity depending on what kind of crucible as. A silver coloring might indicate silver or titanium chain ; it reads as or! Inspection was the density of gold are some simple tests to identify a caratage...