Functions of Educational Administration Planning, organization, direction, motivation, control, co-ordination, decision making and the last one is reporting. Hence the educational administrators have to reduce this tendency to minimum for making justice beneficial, healthy and impartial in nature and approach as a principle of modern educational administration. So the totality of these processes which are directed towards realizing or achieving the purposes or goals of the school/college/university is called educational administration. Educational management is related to Henri Fayol 's 14 Principles of Management. In order to ensure quality control in the field of education, educational administration has to make expenditure on education by accepting it as an investment on human resource. The educational administration encompasses all the levels of education in its jurisdiction. Top 6 Principles of Educational Administration. To Ensure Adequate Utilization Of All Resources: For adequate realization of the various purposes of educational programme there is the need of ensuring adequate utilization of all available resources-human, material and financial. It is like a broad umbrella encompassing a number of processes such as: planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling and evaluating the performance. 1 Principles of Educational Administration EME 202 University of Ibadan Distance Learning Centre Open and Distance Learning Course Series Development Being the first principle of educational administration in the modern era it puts stress on democracy in structural perspective. Overall speaking prudence refers to thinking or planning or showing thought for future. (c) Disparity between the education of boys and girls at all stages and in all sectors of education. Every administration has a hierarchy that is often represented as a pyramid. c. Preparing the time table and the time schedules for various activities. of. Liberty is granted to them with not making the system of “check and balance” rigid. Content Guidelines 2. The process of continuous improvement Brief outlines of the six principles of educational administration are discussed in this article. This characteristic of an institution is called adaptability. The most important objective of administration is to get the work done effectively, efficiently and with satisfaction to the individuals and benefits to the society. Because without necessary expenditure on education there will be no question of quality in it and then what about the matter of quality control? Educational administration is similar to general administration in many ways, but it is also dissimilar to general administration in many more ways. g. Coordinating by efforts of people to achieve the purpose. organization and. As justice is one of the basic hallmarks of democratic administration, it is regarded as an essential principle of educational administrating which is democratic in form and practice. For this greater emphasis should be given on equality of educational opportunity for the shake of accelerating the process for building up of on egalitarian human society in which the age old social exploitation will be reduced to minimum. Every society that values social justice and anxious to improve a lot of common man and cultivate all available talents, must ensure progressive equality of educational opportunity to all sections of the population. This tendency is called flexibility. Let us discuss these functions one by one. And uniformity of rules in educational administration does not provide equality which is necessary to safeguard the individuals in another point. Because it is essential to give freedom to the competent and delicate persons as educational administrators who are in the interest of good administration. For schools, this job is usually the role of a principal or assistant principal. e. Organizing curricular and co-curricular programmes. For effective school administration, the administrator needs to be knowledgeable in the theories, techniques and principles of school administration as a guide for action when necessary. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. These elements are “parts, made into whole” and are components brought into harmonious relationship. This meaning of justice is the essence of democracy. Hence, all these three qualities of adaptability, flexibility and stability are complementary to each other. 3. It covers all forms of education such as: b. Non-formal Education and Adult Education. 2. The basic principles of educational management completely impact the administration. On the other hand, my philosophy considerably mirrors … To organize co-curricular activities effectively for developing talents of students and work efficiency of educational teachers. 1- principle of democratic leadership. Content Filtrations 6. 4. The head of the school/college/university organizes these programmes and activities with co-operation from other teachers, parents and students. 9. As a result, equality of opportunity in educational process will be practiced by educational administration as one of its principles. This exercise of control refers to the meaning of democracy by treating each human being as, “a living, growing and potentially flowering organism.” Hence in this principle of educational administration the educational administration has to practise the principles of democracy both in structural and functional form. These three characteristics are dynamic, adaptability and flexibility are especially so. 2. One can therefore deduce that educational management refers to the application of theory and practice of management to the field of education … Read this article to learn about the meaning, nature, objectives, scope and functions of educational administration. Principle of cooperation 3. Prohibited Content 3. Besides an educational administrator in order to prudential in nature and work must have simplicity, understanding capacity democratic spirit and effective communication ability with him as attributes. THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION 3 with leaders who believe in McGregor’s Theory X. educational administration is directed towards describing, explaining, relating and predicting behaviours in social systems. In the process of achieving its educational objectives, it has to deal differently with different human beings like teachers, parents and the public at large, who are affected in one way or other by the process or its products. n. Maintaining records and registers up to date. The meaning of exercise of control in this light should be such that, it helps the students as future citizens in fulfilling their needs and requirements tending to their self-realization, safeguard the democratic government and welfare of people at local, state and national levels. 2. This principle of educational administration gives priority on the practical aspect of democracy as a way of life and form of governance. The principle of uniformity is not to be practiced and maintained in the field of educational administration as equality does not refer to uniformity. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Conducting periodical reviews about the progress, achievements and failures of the institution. A vice principal may be responsible for conducting teacher evaluations. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. For example a school or an educational institution is regarded as the society in miniature or a small society. For this it should seek community support and co-operation for quantitative expansion, qualitative improvements, smooth and fair examination in the educational system. But in Practice it is not happening as the educational administrators very often arbitrarily exercise discretionary powers and too narrowly apply uniform rules in one point. One of the important social objective of education is to equalize opportunity or facility for enabling the backward or under privileged classes and individuals to use education as a means for improvement of their condition. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Hence the educational administrators for practicing justice as one of the principles of educational administration must be judicious while dealing with employees, students and public. Deciding the purposes of the institution or school. Disclaimer 9. The concept of educational administration is applicable in case of an educational organisation which has certain purposes or goals to fulfill. It is educational administration that determines what should be the nature and system of administration for all the above levels of education. 1. Taking measures for staff development. It includes all types and strategies of management that encompasses the following: 4. Besides this it requires a great efficiency with it based on human sympathy, understanding, knowledge and skill. Copyright 10. The same situation occurs in the field of educational administration. Overall speaking this type of democracy as a principle of educational administration gives importance on practicability and relevance of day to day happenings of democracy in relation to educational perspective so far its administrative aspect is concerned. Hence like general administration in educational administration there is the necessity of the system of “check and balance” to prevent such misuse. They give a differential treatment to different students, staffs, officials and community members as per their need remaining within the jurisdiction of educational administration. 4. In this context it should be the task of educational administration to make special efforts for equalizing educational opportunities by reducing the above cited problems of it. Report a Violation, Promoting Equality of Educational Opportunities in India, Difference between Educational Administration and Supervision in India, Top 8 Functions of Educational Administration. 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