, Lotus varieties have been classified according to their use into three types: rhizome lotus, seed lotus and flower lotus. 1294 1332 174. Add a translation.  It is the national flower of India and Vietnam. They are generally 1.2–1.8 cm long, with diameter ranging from 0.8 to 1.4 cm and a weight of 1.1–1.4 g. After lotus seeds have been decorticated and peeled, they are edible and rich in nutrients, and can be dried for storage. 139-147. Lotus root is utilized as a popular vegetable in Sri Lanka, where it is often cooked in coconut milk gravy. "Isolation and preparation of flavonoids from the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn by preparative reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography.  However the method is not suitable for commercialization but rather for home use. Lotus Flower Summer.  The plant also contains nuciferine, neferine and many other benzylisoquinoline alkaloids with medicinal properties. Tapiab, O. Martín-Bellosoa. , All parts of Nelumbo nucifera are edible, with the rhizome and seeds being the main consumption parts. It seems to be symbol of love and romantic. All parts of the lotus flower are used in common dishes like lotus stem salad, lotus seed jam, and lotus tea. Researchers report that the lotus has the remarkable ability to regulate the temperature of its flowers to within a narrow range just as humans and other warmblooded animals do. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'richardalois_com-leader-1','ezslot_8',164,'0','0']));Though it grows in mud, the lotus is not polluted, but can change the environment around it; no matter where it grows, it can turn murky water clear. The rhizomes are then harvested next March.  Various studies show the successful use of N. nucifera to counteract water eutrophication. To the Vietnamese, lotus is known as an exquisite flower, symbolizes the purity, serenity, commitment and optimism of the future as it is the flower which grows in muddy water and rises above the surface to bloom with remarkable beauty. The elegance of the lotus is often cited in the Vietnamese folk songs and poems. In this manner, they should strive to make their surroundings, not just their physical selves, but the mental, spiritual, and emotional sides as beautiful as possible.  Lotus seed's water-soluble polysaccharides have also been shown to promote lymphocyte transformation and enhance the immune function.  Regarding production area in China, rhizome lotus has the largest area with 200,000 ha (490,000 acres), followed by seed lotus with 20,000 ha (49,000 acres). This thread is used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya thingan (lotus robe). 306 308 29. J Biol Chem 295(6): 1598-1612 doi:10.1074/jbc.RA119.011547. Packaged lotus green tea is also available where lotus blossom extract is mixed with high-quality tea leaves for a refreshing aroma. A unique fabric called lotus silk, from the lotus plant fibers, is produced only at Inle lake, Myanmar and in Siem Reap, Cambodia. , After lotus seed germination, crude protein and fat levels in the endosperm significantly increase. The lotus is found throughout Vietnam in the muddy water of lakes and ponds. The genome of the sacred lotus was sequenced in May 2013. Lotus can easily grow in damp soil but will require sunlight for up to six hours a day. Wu C, Xia Y, Tang X (2013) Optimization of fermentation process for lotus rice-wine production by response surface methodology. The lotus flower symbolizes Buddhist detachment, Why is the National Flower of Vietnam the Lotus. The petals, leaves and rhizome can also all be eaten raw, but there is a risk of parasite transmission (e.g., Fasciolopsis buski): it is therefore recommended that they be cooked before eating. Thus, the lotus symbolizes the purity of heart and mind. They are popular among both… English. Magnificently unique, this breathtakingly elegant flower symbolizes purity of heart and mind, serenity, and hope for the future. There has been a longstanding love for the lotus flower when it comes to Vietnam, its people and culture with the plant being cited in many traditional folk songs and poems. Varieties that show more than one of these characteristics are classified by the strongest feature. Alternatively, the vegetable can also be planted after the harvest of lotus. Pre-mature (early) cultivars are harvested before the end of July, serotinous (late) cultivars from September on and mid-serotinous or mid-matutinal cultivars are in between these harvest times.  It has a very long history (c. 3,000 years) of being cultivated for its edible seeds, and it is commonly cultivated in water gardens. Currently most rhizomes are consumed fresh and it is not common to store them due to their poor shelf life performance. Flowers can be picked every two days during summer and every three days during the colder season. A well-known image in Buddhist and Vietnamese culture, and the native flower for both Vietnam and India, the lotus flower carries with it tremendous symbolic weight. History and Origin Lotus tea originated in Vietnam, where the … The lotus is an iconic flower of purity and appears in many ancient Asian cultures.  The results observed are impressive showing 96% of copper and 85% cadmium metals removed after a seven-day incubation period. Photo about Vietnamese flower, pure white lotus flower, symbol of Vietnam at Mekong Delta, closeup of beautiful bloossom, flower bud ob green background. The Vietnamese have long loved the lotus flower and considered it an integeral part of their culture. A couple of friends and I visited a Lotus flower field in the afternoon in rural Vietnam.  There are several other propagation ways via seeds or buds. It is considered holy, and not to be disturbed by any butterfly or bee from the time of its blooming, until falling time. | Plants of the World Online", "Aquatic plants for domestic wastewater Treatment: Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) and Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata) systems", "Phytofiltration of water polluted with arsenic and heavy metals", "Ecological restoration using Trapa bispinosa and Nelumbo nucifera on eutrophic water body in Baizangdian Lake", "Thermal-stable proteins of fruit of long-living Sacred Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn var. After sun drying for two to three days, they are processed by mechanical tools to separate seed coats and embryos. 4,226 Free images of Lotus Flower.  In the beginning of the summer period (from March until May in the northern hemisphere), a small part of rhizome with at least one eye is either planted in ponds or directly into a flooded field. Root and trunk are under the mud. I will be so happy to take her Vietnam with me this summer. An individual lotus can live for over a thousand years and has the rare ability to revive into activity after stasis. , Lotus rhizomes and seeds and their processing by-products are widely consumed in Asia, Americas, and Oceania for high content of physiologically active substances.  Especially in China, lotus seeds are popular with a cultural history going back about 3000 years.  In the growing season from April to September (northern hemisphere), the average daytime temperature needed is 23 to 27 °C (73 to 81 °F). pink and white petaled flower. Flower lotus cultivars are used exclusively for ornamental purpose, produce a large number of flowers and the lowest plant height.  The binding and disintegration properties of isolated Nelumbo starch have been compared with maize and potato starch; Nelumbo starch is shown to be superior as an adjuvant in the preparation of tablets. The Spirit of Vietnam is super sweet and check out her braid! The rhizomes are harvested in July, after which rice can be planted into the same field. Average yield of these cultivars in China is 1.05–1.9 t/ha (0.5–0.8 tons/acre) of dry seeds and weight of thousand seeds between 1,020 to 1,800 g (36 to 63 oz). Moreover, just as the lotus has a strong connection to water, so too does Vietnam. , The rhizomes are 60–14 cm (23.6–5.5 in) long, 0.5–2.5 cm (0.20–0.98 in) in diameter, yellowish white to yellowish brown, smooth and with nodes and internodes..  Rhizomes are promoted have purported diuretic, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory properties. et al. How it blossoms and recedes at certain times of the day makes the flower remain untouched by impurity. One round of manure is applied after ten days, before flooding the field. Lotus root is a moderate calorie root vegetable (100 g of root-stem provides about 74 calories) and is composed of several vitamins, minerals, and nutrients: 83.80% water, 0.11% fat, 1.56% reducing sugar, 0.41% sucrose, 2.70% crude protein, 9.25% starch, 0.80% fiber, 0.10% ash and 0.06% calcium. The traditional Sacred Lotus is only distantly related to Nymphaea caerulea, but possesses similar chemistry. The Lotus in Asian culture Furthermore, this group grows the tallest and produces very few to no flowers.. The Vietnamese people love the lotus so much that they have incorporated it into their cuisine. Therefore, Hanoi lotus tea is known to many visitors. The lotus symbol in Vietnam is the icon of Vietnamese characters and has interesting meanings in various aspects such as the culture, arts, and foods. Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. About Lotus: Grown in the northern province of Thai Nguyen in Vietnam, Che Sen, or Lotus tea, is a fine green tea infused with the aroma of lotus flower blossoms. A bunch of beautiful pink lotus flowers. It is also the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future. In fact, several older systems, such as the Bentham & Hooker system (which is widely used in the Indian subcontinent) refer to the lotus by its old synonym of Nymphaea nelumbo. Nymphaeaceae). However, they can die, and sometimes do in natural disasters. 320 354 29. Traditionally rhizomes, leaves, and seeds have been used as folk medicines, Ayurveda, Chinese traditional medicine, and oriental medicine.  Green Jade and Vietnam-Red are recommended cultivars for seed production in Australia.. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. Optimal storage temperatures range between 5 to 8 °C (41 to 46 °F). Spiritbeads Lotus Flower and Spirit of Vietnam. The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the leaves. Ind Drugs 1995; 32: 392–397. The lotus root is used to add seasoning to food. From November until March, the field stays either free, or a terricolous vegetable, such as cabbage or spinach, is planted. So it is that the lotus flower in Vietnam is a symbol of the purity of both mind and heart. Young lotus stems are used as a salad ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine. Mukherjee PK. Ind J Pharm Sci 1996; 58: 59–66. , Lotus seeds can be processed into moon cake, lotus seed noodles and food in forms of paste, fermented milk, rice wine, ice cream, popcorn (phool makhana) and others, with lotus seeds as the main raw material.  While leaves are used for hematemesis, epistaxis, and hematuria, the flowers are used for lowering blood sugar levels, diarrhea, cholera, fever, and hyperdipsia. A famous Vietnamese song, “Doa hoa vo thuong”, is about the lotus flower — have a listen. The Vietnamese people are as one with the lotus flower. Related keywords. Human translations with examples: hoa, hoa, lotus, ngó sen, hạt sen, bông hoa, bông hoa, vườn hoa, sen hồng. Date: March 28, 2018 Author: Martha 14 Comments. Vietnamese girl holding a lotus flower, The Ao dai ( long-dress Vietnamese) is traditional costume of Vietnamese woman. Lotus flower, despite being nurtured in mud, still grow out pure and glowing, like morning dew from early morning or water in springtime.  A more efficient use of the water for both, the aquatic animal and the lotus production, has been identified with this planting pattern.. The texture is comparable to a raw potato. In Vietnam the lotus is held sacred because its flowers have become a symbol of resurrection and immortality. Flower types differ in the number of petals (single petals, double petals or multi-petals) and their colours range from single colour in white, yellow, pink, red to bi-colour, most often of white petals with pink tip or highlights. , Rhizome lotus cultivars produce a higher yield of and higher quality rhizomes than that of seed or flower lotus cultivars. , Not only do these seeds contain proteins of high quality and are rich in variety of essential amino acids including high contents of albumin (42%) and globulin (27%), they also contain unsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and other trace elements. According to the APG IV system, N. nucifera, N. lutea, and their extinct relatives belong in Proteales with the protea flowers due to genetic comparisons.  A majority of lotus production takes place in managed farming systems in ponds or flooded fields like rice. Two other species known to be able to regulate their temperature include Symplocarpus foetidus and Philodendron selloum. Image of nature, beauty, asian - 162355293  There are three different approaches to storing rhizomes. Results for lotus flower translation from English to Vietnamese. Today sees the release of a couple of new Spiritbeads, both priced at 48€ each. Unfortunately, fresh lotus root slices are limited by a fast browning rate. Then a maximum of approximately 4000 rhizome pieces per hectare (10000 per acre) are used to plant directly into the mud 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in) below the soil surface. The tea is produced using lotus from Quang Ba pond, one of the dwindling number of lotus ponds around the edges of Hanoi's famous West Lake. It is the normal pedestal for divine figures in Buddhist art and Hindu art, and often seen in Jain art. [medical citation needed], Lotus seeds are mostly oval or spherical, with sizes varying according to varieties. Roots of these varieties are thin, fibrous and do not form good rhizomes. The plant also requires fertilizer for at least one year. Although its legend spans across many Eastern cultures that have been around for thousands of years, it is still regarded as one of the most sacred flowers in existence today. Moreover, it has to be protected from cold temperatures. This is one of the reasons why many statues and images show Buddha sitting on a lotus. Special stacking with silver sand[clarification needed] and soil results in five to six layers that prevent water loss, thus the rhizome stays fresh for up to two months. A seller describes how she usually purchases large bouquets of lotus flowers at the wholesale market before separating them into bundles of ten flowers to be sold at retail. "Isolation and characterization of two O-methyltransferases involved in benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)." Mod Food Sci Technol 29:1675–1679, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, Menendez-Perdomo, I. M. and P. J. Facchini (2018).  In Chinese medicine, seeds are still used as Lian Zi Xi. , Dry stored lotus seeds are sensitive to moisture and mold infestation; researchers continue to explore new ways to preserve fresh lotus seeds, for example radiation processing. Hydrogen sulfide fumigation reduces enzymatic browning and therefore ensures rhizome quality. In Asia, the petals are sometimes used for garnish, while the large leaves are used as a wrap for food, not frequently eaten (for example, as a wrapper for zongzi). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Food Sci 33:91–98. Pharmaceutical application of starch isolated from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Isolation, estimation and characterization of starch from rhizomes of Nelumbo nuciferaGaertn (Fam. Nelumbo nucifera is the species of lotus sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. Following, we are discovering this special flower kind. Parts of the lotus flower are processed into typical Vietnamese dishes such as lotus salad, sweetened lotus, and lotus tea. There is no flower that is quite as exquisite and unique as the lotus. The catastrophic flooding of the Yangtze River in 1954 killed all the lotuses in the area. Lotus in the art of making tea of the Vietnamese. Using pre-mature cultivars, rhizomes can be harvested earlier and therefore be sold for a higher price.  The main popular cultivars for seed production in China are Cunsanlian, Xianglian 1, Zilian 2, Jianlian, Ganlian 62 and Taikong 36. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'richardalois_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_9',165,'0','0']));The capital of Vietnam, Hanoi, has an amazing display of lakes and ponds where lotuses flourish. Lotus flower tattoo is undeniably one of the most beautiful flower tattoos that can be engraved in ones body, and there are so many people in the world who prefer to have it than anything else. They suspect the flowers may be doing this to attract coldblooded insect pollinators. Vietnamese lotus tea (Vietnamese: trà sen, chè sen, or chè ướp sen) is a type of green tea produced in Vietnam that has been flavored with the scent of Nelumbo nucifera. When the dawn comes, however, the lotus flower rises again and opens up it’s beautiful bloom. Lotus – Vietnam’s national flower, a symbol of divine beauty. (Fam. As early as the Han Dynasty, lotus seeds were already recorded as sweet, astringent, nourishing the heart and kidney in "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic". Molecules 23(11) doi:10.3390/molecules23112899, Menendez-Perdomo, I. M. and P. J. Facchini (2020). , The most widely used system is crop rotation with rice and vegetables. For this step, the field is not drained.  Seed production of flower lotus is poor regarding yield and quality. To the Vietnamese, lotus is known as an exquisite flower, symbolizes the purity, serenity, commitment and optimism of the future as it is the flower which grows in muddy water and rises above the surface to bloom with remarkable beauty. Rojas-Graüa, M.S. As the temperature drops, the flower oxidizes carbohydrates to produce heat.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'richardalois_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_4',160,'0','0'])); The lotus flower symbolizes Buddhist detachment; the way that water slides off lotus petals represents the detachment aspect of their faith, which tells them to let go of lusts, cravings and desires. Japan is one of the primary users of the rhizomes, representing about 1% of all vegetables consumed. As for this, the f… The lotus flower is cup-shaped, ranges in color from white to pink and reaches an average span of 8 to 12 inches.  In Japan and on bigger farms the manual labour harvesting is fully replaced by machines. In colder climates, such a low water level, which heats up more quickly, is helpful for better growth and flowering. To support a quick initial growth, the water level is held relatively low and is increased when plants grow. The roasted seeds of young lotus flowers make for a tasty snack as well. At night, the Lotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera) closes and sinks underwater. The Vietnam national flower of lotus not only has a place in the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people but also widely used in the unique cuisine of this Southeast Asian country. Lotus is a plant kind living in the water. Because it blossoms and then recedes the way it does, this means that the flower remains untouched by impurity. Cultivars can be classified by harvest time or by the depth of rhizomes into these types: The main popular Nelumbo nucifera cultivars in China are Elian 1, Elian 4, Elian 5, 9217, Xin 1 and 00–01. It is therefore an important method to enhance its nutritional quality..  This limits export possibilities for low-income production countries in Asia. Pink: Flowers that are pink call to mind the history of the Buddha and the religion which he founded. L. By Le Manh Thang. Lotus germinates at temperatures above 13 °C (55 °F). Aside from the fact that it looks so gorgeous as body art, lotus flower also symbolizes a number of things. et al. 312 367 21. Lotus tea is a beneficial herbal tea prepared using the flowers, leaves, seeds or roots of the sacred lotus plant. Learn how your comment data is processed. Yet what exactly is it about this fascinating bloom that people find so enthralling?eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'richardalois_com-box-4','ezslot_1',161,'0','0'])); While the lotus flower is greatly esteemed in Southeast Asia, for the Vietnamese people there is no other plant that can equal the lotus. This is a kind of special flower that people love and idolize, especially in Buddhist culture. This flower is invoked in hundreds of poems and folk songs and is a cherished sight. While all modern plant taxonomy systems agree that this species belongs in the genus Nelumbo, the systems disagree as to which family Nelumbo should be placed in, or whether the genus should belong in its own unique family and order.  It is able to grow in variable water conditions and in low light intensity. Vietnamese lotus flowers The green brown leaves surround twelve pink lotus buds. The rhizomes of lotus (Chinese: 蓮藕 lián-ǒu) are consumed as a vegetable in Asian countries, extensively in China, Japan, and India: sold whole or in cut pieces, fresh, frozen, or canned.  Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials. In north and eastern regions of India, the stalk of the flower is used to prepare a soup called "kamal gatte ki sabji" (Hindi: कमल गट्टे की सब्जी) and starter called "kamal kakdi pakode" (Hindi: कमल ककडी पकौडे).In South Indian states, the lotus stem is sliced, marinated with salt to dry, and the dried slices are fried and used as a side dish.  In Australia, the cultivar grown for the fresh rhizome market is Quangdong and in Japan the common rhizome cultivars are Tenno and Bitchu. Average yield of these cultivars is 7.5–15 t/ha (3.3-6.7 tons/acre) of harvest in July and 30–45 t/ha (13-20 tons/acre) of harvest in September. All are tied by a pink paper. Each year, the lotus flower season usually begins from the middle of May and often lasts until August. This leads to enlightenment, which is the ultimate goal of the practice of spirituality. Lotus Flower #5A vase of flowers including:- Lotus flowers- Additional materialLotus Flower #5: The big lotus buds arranged with high-low are symbol of best wishes. In 2005, the cultivation area in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares (740,000 acres). , The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on the water's surface or are held well above it. While some sprout immediately, and most are eaten by wildlife, the remaining seeds can remain dormant for an extensive period of time as the pond silts in and dries out. This suppresses algae growth in N. nucifera aquatic systems and thus, the oxygen content is up to 20% higher than in other aquatic plant systems. A lotus flower consists of flower cup, petal, pistil, lotus seed pod. A Limited Edition, she is available to order only until April 10, 2018. The stamens can be dried and made into a fragrant herbal tea (Chinese: 蓮花 茶; pinyin: liánhuā cha; Cantonese Yale: lìhnfāa chah), or used to impart a scent to tea leaves (particularly in Vietnam). , The Sacred Lotus grows in water up to 2.5 m (8 ft) deep. During the lotus season (approximately June to September) the flowers are picked in the early morning before the young blooms open. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and aporphine. While there is no doubt that the lotus flower is of unrivaled beauty, in Buddhism, which is the main religion in Vietnam, the different colors represent various meanings: White: A pure white flower indicates the purity of the spirit and mind that all people should seek to obtain. , The stolon is ready to harvest two to three months after planting. Lotus Flower #2 Vietnam. Commenting on the affinity that the Vietnamese have with the lotus flower, Thom Nguyen from Travel Tips Vietnamexplains: Although the flower grows in the mud beneath the pond water, it manages to create a floral scent and eye-catching colour.  The large, starch rich rhizomes are easy to dig out of the drained soil. Traditional Eastern medicine claims that fresh lotus seed wine has thirst quenching, spleen healing and anti-diarrheal advantages after drinking, attributed to unspecified bioactive compounds.  There are also several indications that compounds of N. nucifera are used in drug fabrication in human health research for multiple purposes.. [ 24 ] [ 34 ] lotus root is used to decorate home, pagodas, restaurants and.! Mostly in soups, soaked in syrup or pickled in vinegar ( with sugar chili! Pond zen can differ due to their poor shelf life performance figures in Buddhist art Hindu! 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