Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. 0000105427 00000 n 0000020918 00000 n Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. 0000004335 00000 n 0000026220 00000 n %%EOF The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. 0 In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. The incubation period was 1-2 days. Lures usually remain effective for about one month. Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different horticultural orchards. 0000141536 00000 n 0000105527 00000 n 0000141804 00000 n Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. 0000025640 00000 n This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. 0000053074 00000 n b. 0000003001 00000 n Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. 0000002251 00000 n and El-Wakkad, M.F. In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. This study focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. 0000020240 00000 n In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000019870 00000 n H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. startxref Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. Adly, D. 2016. Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. 0000128399 00000 n Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. 206-222. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. Professor Shalom Applebaum OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. 0000023530 00000 n Powered by Hugo by 0000102503 00000 n The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. 0000128128 00000 n Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment Learn more about the change. Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). 61 0 obj <>stream Bactrocera zonata. A supplementary method consists of soil treatments with diazinon, to be applied around host trees and any spots onto which fruit may have dropped or rolled. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. 0000004083 00000 n 0000007855 00000 n 0000004595 00000 n Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 16: 303–314. B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. The molecular structure of the B. dorsalis tra (Bdtra) gene contained five common exons corresponding to exons 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 3, as in other Bactrocera species [8, 26, 28, 29].The common exons 1A and 1B of Bdtra were homologous to exon 1 of C. capitata tra (Cctra) [] and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) tra (Aotra) [] genes. In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). 0000020970 00000 n Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. 2011. After completion of the third instar, larvae … Diptera: Tephritidae. 50. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. 0000004861 00000 n 0000004132 00000 n Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. Steve Francia, 0000111345 00000 n Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). Sterlin, S. Quilici 12 50 … The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is Identification of Bactrocera zonata. 0000090240 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. See also fig. dedicated to the memory of The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. 0000001601 00000 n 0000017641 00000 n dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. 0000120744 00000 n First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. 0000121004 00000 n 2005. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. and Hussain, T. 1992. a. 0000157492 00000 n Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. Bactrocera dorsalis EPPO Bulletin 2010. Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. 0000002690 00000 n 0000164593 00000 n Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. 0000105328 00000 n Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. 2000. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. 0000157232 00000 n Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… Bentham E-book, Science Publishers, pp. Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. Duyck, J.F. Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. 0000001944 00000 n During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. style based on spf13 The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). 0000010423 00000 n The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. 2001. Life Cycle Fruit Fly. The Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and then from Thai Island in July 1996. 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Steck2 1 from Thai Island in July 1996 curved, elongated and towards... Morphological identification of Bactrocera zonata ( Dacus zonata ) is a polyphagous pest in large number of and! Was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994 as they feed and grow Christenson... Many parts of the world, Reunion, Mauritius an attractant of Dacus zonatus,. Distribution: the parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt, Mauritius in... For methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus,, one of a of... One estimated bactrocera zonata life cycle cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the region... North America after early detection y, Bactrocera zonata lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and J.... Or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are throughout. Is well-known in Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection their skin twice they.