He holds a PhD in life science from Tohoku University and acts as a central hub for young businesspeople in the region. Likewise, a contingency plan must be designed, tested, implemented, and maintained in order to sustain companies during an unexpected disaster. The cases underscore disaster recovery challenges that are both universal and particularly local. "His understanding of his business was redefined from a simple chrysanthemum producer to a provider of closures for families who have lost their loved ones. The Kauffman Fellows Program teaches that to make the most of capital, one should align interests among the people involved with a project as well as generate trust among them. ‘Build back better’, as a policy, is an integral part of planning for disaster resilience in Japan. Assistance from the international community is also seen as a minor supplement to the Japanese government’s recovery effort, and there are no plans to integrate support from other countries into the recovery process. It is not about profitability. The lessons learned from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Kobe Earthquake) of 1995 prompted enhancements to Japan’s disaster risk reduction legislation and government policy. If emergency procedures have not been invoked, at the four-hour mark after initial notification of an incident in any … I sought an entrepreneurial path with global connectivity—an approach that seemed unlikely to be adopted by Japanese policymakers. The art and science of capital formation is the engine to make things happen—even if a business is started with good intentions, it cannot deliver results and create true impact without knowledge of capital formation. A disaster recovery plan is an essential part of every project plan as uncertainties can cause problems to surface up anytime during project execution. "This was a learning specific to the context of Japanese business, and to actually hear and talk to the CEOs made a foundational difference in the way I want to pursue my career in Japan.". The government’s reconstruction plan, the Basic Guidelines for Reconstruction in Response to the Great East Japan Earthquake,1 mainly focuses on restoring the affected areas to their pre-disaster status quo. In particular, stressors including climate change and extreme weather necessitate the need to plan smarter. Harvard Business School Working Knowledge, Copyright © President & Fellows of Harvard College, Learning From Japan’s Remarkable Disaster Recovery, by The Society network can be utilized in introducing an agile disaster-recovery process, and sharing and incorporating that experience into future measures around the world adds value back to the network. 2. With a disaster recovery plan already in … Even partial functionality can decrease customer satisfaction. This disaster recovery plan for the bank will be invoked under one of the following circumstances: 1. INTERFACE Planning innovation and post-disaster reconstruction: The case of Tohoku, Japan Kayo Murakamia and David Murakami Woodb aIndependent Scholar, Wolfe Island, Canada; bDepartment of Sociology, Queen’s University, Ontario, Canada Introduction While outside of Tohoku, the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 is no longer headline news, ; Oisix, an online natural food retailer; You Home Clinic, a provider of medical services; Fast Retailing Group, which owns a chain of apparel stores; and Lawson's, which operates more than 40,000 convenience stores. A resilient disaster-recovery plan accounts for the worst-case scenarios. Sean Silverthorne. Many young men and women are open to any input and feedback they can get, but unfortunately they only have access to local mentors. This Disaster Recovery Plan Template was designed to assist you in the development of your Disaster Recovery Plan. After the bubble economy burst in 1991, however, this strength became an obstacle to Japan’s adaptation to the dynamic changes in the global economy. Over the last three years, program participants have visited with executives at dozens of organizations—Google and Yahoo!, health care organizations, even a knitting business in a fishing village. At INCJ Taro is establishing a platform to facilitate cross-sector cooperation in business building through forming partnerships. 3. I was touched by their courage and fortitude. Unfortunately, Japanese policymakers have so far overlooked the potential that this closer relationship to the world offers among young people. Japan hosted the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction from March 14 to 18. As the disaster recedes into the past, the students are shifting focus. Their objectives: learn all they can about human resilience and share their own management knowledge. • Establish clear leadership roles, including the mayor’s office, city manager, and city council, for more decisive and early leadership. This is my report of 2011 JULY-2012 DEC Rotary Japan Disaster Recovery Fund Committee. The devastating Kobe earthquake, which claimed some 5,100 lives, spurred another round of research on earthquake safety and disaster … The Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction is held by the … The next morning, still at the office, I was deeply moved by the footage of an old woman in a shelter joining her hands in prayer on her knees, in front of a rescue team. The business environment in the area is traditional and seniority is still regarded as important; therefore, many people in the “establishment” do not recognize that young people could play an important role in the recovery process, and are denying them the opportunity to help. DISASTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF JAPAN 2.1 LEGAL BASIS Various disaster management related laws adopted since late 40s has laid down the legal framework for the disaster management syst em of Japan. Japan hosted the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction from March 14 to 18. 2. Learning from Disaster Simulations Drills in Japan: The World Bank, 2017. A disaster recovery plan must be in place for cities to save lives during an unexpected disaster. Having said this, many young people in the Tohoku region are undoubtedly facing difficult situations as even before the crisis, Tohoku was one of Japan’s poorer regions. Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments - FEMA Publication FD 008-03 Page 3 Why Prepare a Local Pre-Disaster Recovery Plan? "Post-disaster settings provide opportunities to examine the effectiveness of leadership in mobilizing people and resources in highly dynamic situations," says Hirotaka Takeuchi, a professor of management practice who leads the annual excursion. Under the plan through fiscal 2025 approved by the cabinet, a total of 123 disaster reduction projects will be implemented including repairs to schools and roads. Ideally, local governments and communities should lead recovery efforts as they can identify the community’s priorities, but they are often unable to because most of their functions have been suspended by the disaster. Learn about fresh research and ideas from Harvard Taro holds a Master’s degree in public administration from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and a Bachelor’s in economics from the University of Tokyo. The longer your business is down because of an IT disaster, the greater the greater the cost will be. It’s invoked following a natural disaster (such as a hurricane, tornado, fire, flood, etc.) ... Mr. Kan, whose ratings have nosedived over his handling of the disaster response so far, may not be around to see much of the plan in action. Recovery from the earthquake and tsunami damage came with relatively amazing speed, largely because of the concerted way in which Nissan reacted, Hidetoshi Imazu says. Whether it's an earthquake, wildfire, hurricane, or human-caused calamity, a disaster can seriously impact your organization's operations. Keywords Business process management Disaster reconstruction Disaster recovery 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami 1 Introduction The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami was one of the largest disasters in recorded history. 2013). TechSoup Disaster Planning and Recovery Guide. Interaction and Support Activities in the Disaster Area In response, he formed a bicycle group that visits the shelters one by one, asking evacuees what they need. During trips in earlier years, they studied the emergency response and rebuilding of companies. The experience of immersing themselves into the lives and business of the people in the region had a profound effect on the students. Even though I knew that I myself could not do anything immediately to deal with the disaster in Japan, I had an intuition that this event could provide an opportunity for a “sea change” in the country’s innovation paradigm. Vision of pre-disaster reduction plan need to be integrated with the future vision of the community. It was not until July 29—more than four months after the quake—that guidelines for relief and reconstruction were officially adopted, and the $120 billion (¥9.2 trillion) supplementary budget took another three months to approve. Immediately, you may need to restore data and/or fail over data systems to another location. Known to be vertical and big-company driven, Japan’s industry structure was once a model for miraculous economic growth that led the country to become the world’s second (now third) largest economy. Some of the 18 cases published or in development in the "The Great East Japan Earthquake" series include reports on Google Japan and Yahoo! Japan's economy, trade, and industry ministry recently (as of 2016) estimated the total cost of dealing with the Fukushima disaster at ¥21.5 trillion (US$187 billion), almost twice the previous estimate of ¥11 trillion (US$96 billion). On this aircraft, the logos "Ministry of the Environment Sanriku Recovery National Park Plan" and "Tohoku Cotton Project" are painted with the wish for Tohoku's recovery from the disaster. A junior member of Tohoku Innovation Capital (the only venture capital organization in the region), 36-year-old Tomo decided to take the risk of leaving his stable job after the disaster to set up his own venture firm. Sendai Airport Full Opening Event (September 25th, 2011) Initiative. Checklist for Disaster Recovery Plans 1. Some 16,000 people were killed, hundreds of thousands displaced, and 383,000 buildings damaged-including the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power facility, which suffered a meltdown of three reactors. Disaster recovery plan checklist item #8: Ensure disaster recovery information is included in SLAs Review the service level agreements (SLAs) you have with all third-party vendors — especially your backup data providers — and peer agencies (if you work for a local, state, or federal government organization) to ensure that they include information about how they will operate in an emergency. Disaster Recovery Plan Template Download: This purpose of this DR Plan document is to inventory all of the IT infrastructure and information relevant to the organization in order to develop a detailed plan to restore service and recover in the event of a disaster. I could not believe that a disaster of this magnitude had happened in Japan. or a man-made one (such as errors, breaches, sabotage, etc.). Therefore, it is imperative to objectively evaluate projects using a global analytical framework so that lessons can be passed on to other parts of the world and future generations. When disaster does hit, as it did today, Japan's buildings fare relatively well. Develop the contingency planning policy statement. When you have prepared the information described in this topic collection, store your document in a safe, accessible location off site. Based on those innovations and on conversations with Kauffman Fellows, I close by suggesting a new disaster response model for those seeking to help. Ideally, local universities will play an important role in such research. Is the government’s reconstruction plan the only recovery path for Japan? They've talked with public officials in Japan and the staff of the US Embassy, and undertaken service projects as part of their international experiential learning. National Post-Disaster Recovery Planning and Coordination: UNDP, 2017. "Yet, for the CEOs who are succeeding, they care less about how they are perceived in society; they have the courage to pursue their mission no matter the adversary. To find out, I visited the devastated Tohoku region one month after the quake, meeting amidst the rubble with many business and community members from different generations and fields. Pre-disaster recovery planning is the key for establish resilient communities against disaster. Despite the fact that the government encourages the private sector to participate in reconstruction and introduces measures to encourage activities by nonprofit and volunteer organizations, these groups are seen as playing only a supplementary role to the public sector. He tells students that the course "focuses on the links between strategy and innovation that prove useful in rebuilding a region post disaster.". disaster recovery of tourism industry. General Disaster Recovery Plan Timeline Based upon notification that an incident has occurred at any of the computer facilities on the bank premises, the Disaster Recovery Coordinator or Senior Management staff member should notify all other senior management IT staff. There are relatively few studies of the recovery phase of disaster planning and this information gap presented an opportunity to contribute to disaster planning theory. After its defeat in World War II, young entrepreneurs like Sony’s founder Akio Morita and Honda’s Soichiro Honda helped the country rebuild from ashes to achieve remarkable economic growth. And the purpose of business continuity is to maintain a minimum level of service while restoring the organization to business as usual. After the 1995 Kobe earthquake killed more than five thousand people, a young man from Kobe decided to quit a major corporation to start an internet electric commerce venture called Rakuten, which has since grown into a corporation with a market value of $13 billion.3 These facts raise hope that this time too, Japan can reinvent itself from tragedy. If a young leader can draw on resources from the global community through a network based on trust, and utilize those resources in recovery projects, they may gradually gain recognition and inspire people to join in and help—creating significant impact. 2. Reconstruction policies for large-scale disasters in Japan often lack specifics because the national government, which is unable to identify particular community needs, usually develops the policies. This plan also includes development, maintenance, testing of the recovery and also about the culture and employee training over the disaster recovery plan. Post-disaster Assessment, Planning and Recovery Processes 47 5.1 Post-disaster Documentation and Assessment of Loss 47 5.2 Emergency Stabilisation- Approaches 49 5.3 Post Disaster Repairs and Reconstruction 49. i i i iii Contents 5.4 Funding, Partnerships and Business Planning 50 These young individuals’ compassion and determination to contribute to the recovery process through entrepreneurship is inspirational. Flood disaster recovery Recovery will be a two-phased approach in the case of a flood. Pre-disaster recovery planning is an opportunity for communities to consider how they will manage important recovery issues, like how to keep the government and essential services up and running, where to locate temporary housing, how and where they will rebuild, and how to … This Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) template suite can be used as a Disaster Planning & Business Continuity plan (BCP) by any organization. Ozawa's plant produces over 370,000 Nissan and Infiniti engines yearly, and Iwaki's "Gambappe" recovery -- even after a second quake struck in early April -- became a symbol of Japan's resilience amid the tragedy. A disaster recovery plan (DRP) is a documented process or set of procedures to execute an organization's disaster recovery processes and recover and protect a business IT infrastructure in the event of a disaster. With INCJ, I took up the challenge of introducing entrepreneurial innovation to Japan’s business arena; however, I was hampered by the widely shared mindset that “entrepreneurial innovation will not happen in Japan.” When the earthquake hit in 2011, I knew intuitively that this tragic event could be a cornerstone for Japan’s structural change. It is "a comprehensive statement of consistent actions to be taken before, during and after a disaster". DEMO while considering recovery and reconstruction in the disaster phase. These laws cover all phases of disaster management – preparedness, prevention/mitigation, response and recovery/rehabilitation phases. Please use this brochure for considering possible collaboration from Japan to enhance disaster management. Two days later, I was in Palo Alto to participate in the third module of the Kauffman Fellows Program. In the past, Japan has used its confrontations with crisis as opportunities to propel entrepreneurship. • Improve public confidence in leadership through early, After this model is adopted in Japan, it can be shared and adapted to future disaster recoveries in other parts of the world. First, the characteristics of natural disasters in Japan are summarized using statistical data. In many cases, the impact of a crisis situation, such as a massive earthquake, a category 5 cyclone or a terrorist operation of devastating proportions - are unavoidable owing to … Each winter, 900 HBS students dispatch around the world to see businesses up close, learn what they can about how they are run, and share their own knowledge with the leaders of a wide variety of enterprises, from mom-and-pop shops to megacorporations. It is important to detail the step-by-step recovery procedure, test it properly and keep it updated. Four individuals in particular made a strong impression. Recovery efforts are simply focused on actions that involve building temporary housing, disposing of disaster-related waste, and repairing essential infrastructure such as water, electricity, … It is essential that a leader be in position to not only gain trust from the younger generations, but also from conservatives with traditional values. A resilient disaster-recovery plan accounts for the worst-case scenarios. It enables the recovery and continuation of critical technology, infrastructure and systems. Business Continuity Plan: Components and Sequencing Description – A Recovery Plan template with tables, checklists, Yes/No questions, etc. "He talked about dozens of families walking from farmer to farmer, asking to find chrysanthemum flowers used for funerals," student Kazumasa Mukae (HBS MBA '14) recalls. By … Disaster Recovery. Harvard Business School students make an annual trek to businesses in the Japanese area wrecked by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. The flight staff's musical bell team gave a performance. 1 Provisional English translation available from Reconstruction Headquarters in Response to the Great East Japan Earthquake website: http://www.reconstruction.go.jp/english/pdf/Basic%20Guidelines%20for%20Reconstruction.pdf. Use this checklist for a disaster recovery plan to make sure you’re prepared for virtually any major event. I feel privileged and proud to offer the following model based on my interviews in Tohoku and the advice and feedback I received from the Fellows of Class 15. One of these programs, called the Immersion Experience Program (IXP), each year sends 30 or so potential MBAs to Japan, where they receive a unique education made possible by one of the most lethal disasters in modern history. 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