In Jhelum …the river, may have been Bucephala, founded by Alexander the Great in the 4th century bc. Upon returning and learning of the theft, Alexander promised to fell every tree, lay the countryside to waste, and slaughter every inhabitant in the region. Alexander's main enemy, the king of the Persians, was? After years of military campaigns, Alexander retired his faithful horse and later named a city after him. Bucephalus. However Bucephalus died, in mourning, Alexander founded a city in his beloved horse’s memory and named it Bucephala. the horses grave and the city ruins lie near jhelum. We recommend booking Monument of Alexander The Great tours ahead of time to secure your spot. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. But Alexander's soldiers were far better drilled and far stronger than the Indians. He later built a city and named it after his horse, the city of Bucephala. With the horse now calm, Alexander had won the wager. Although historians disagree on the cause of the horse’s death - some claim he died from battle wounds - most agree he died of old age after the Battle of Hydaspes River (326 BCE). The battle and destruction of Thebes in 335 BC by Alexander the Great, destroyed the strongest city-state in Greece at that time and allowed him to control all of Greece. Bucephalus was buried in a magnificent tomb and Alexander decided to create the city Alexandria – Bucephala on the site where the horse died (now the city of Jhelum). After years of military campaigns, Alexander retired his faithful horse and later named a city after him. He built a city to honor his horse. Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who before his death established a powerful, immense empire. Peritas' death, however it happened, was a venerable one. 264 f. 65r Their awful trumpetings made the Greek horses shiver and tremble. Ancient History Encyclopedia. License. ... alexander retired his faithful horse and later named a city after him. With a price tag almost three times the norm (1… Last modified October 06, 2011. But when people tried to mount the horse, it fought, refusing to be mounted. Alexander named his prize horse Bucephalus and so loved the animal that when the horse died, in 326 B.C., Alexander named a city after the horse: Bucephala. Initially, Bucephalus was brought to Macedonia and presented to King Phillip II (Alexanders father) in 346 BCE by Philoneicus of Thessaly. Phillip ordered him led away. Thebes was, if not geographically, then strategically in the center of Greece. The horse's grave and the city's ruins lie near Jhelum, Pakistan. According to Plutarch’s biography of Alexander, the young prince said, “What an excellent horse do they lose for want of address and boldness to manage him.” At first, Phillip ignored the challenge, but finally, he said to Alexander: “Do you reproach those who are older than yourself, as if you were better able to manage him than they.” Alexander, ignoring his father remark, repeated his challenge and said he would pay for the horse if he, Alexander, were unable to tame him. Bucephalus was supposedly a terror, unable to be ridden and devouring the flesh of all who tried. The garrison was settled with Greek and Iranian veterans and Pauravas locals. Bucephalus and Alexander were inseparable; only Alexander could ride him, and indeed he did, into every battle from the conquest of the Greek city-states and Thebes through the Battle of Gaugamela and into India. But, deep down, Philip wanted Persian gold. rebellion. regent. 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