‘Polynesia’ is a Greek word meaning many islands and occupies a large area in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. ***** A.D. 300: Polynesians reach the Marquesas Islands First settlers arrive in Hawai'i from Polynesia, possibly the Marquesas, navigating across the Pacific by … ’ is a Greek word meaning many islands and occupies a large area in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. Rapa Nui's environment suffers from overuse. Print; Events. Polynesian societies combined a strong authority structure based on genealogical ranking that was useful for mounting long expeditions and founding island colonies. 2. The ‘. Oct 10, 1901. According the myth, the 'Great Fleet' arrives and Maori people begin to settle in Aotearoa. Analysis of the Polynesian DNA has shown that the Polynesian people are closely related to East Asians, Micronesians, and Taiwanese Aborigines. The date of first settlement is a matter of debate, but current understanding is that the first arrivals came from East Polynesia in the late 13th century. While archaeologists debate the precise region where Lapita culture itself developed, the ancestors of the Lapita people came originally from Southeast Asia. The ‘Polynesian Triangle’ is cornered by Hawaii to the north, New Zealand in the south-west and Easter Island in the south-east. Even a country as large as Australia could fit into the Pacific 22 times over! The allure of old Polynesia lingers among the Pacific island people who demonstrate their traditional arts and crafts and perform their lively songs and dances at the Polynesian Cultural Center. It is bigger than the whole of the world’s. Dutch admiral Jacob Roggeveen names Rapa Nui 'Easter Island'. Polynesia is part of what is more broadly classified as Oceania. Expansion of Polynesia. The Polynesian pig did not survive in the colder climate so the island relied heavily on fishing. Emergence of West Polynesian culture Some 3,000 years ago (around 1000 BC) the distinctive Polynesian culture and language began to emerge in West Polynesia. Cook claims New Zealand for Great Britain. Without the wood from the palm trees it meant the canoes couldn't be built and fishing declined. https://libguides.stalbanssc.vic.edu.au/polynesian-expansion, The Polynesian expansion across the Pacific. The location of your chosen island in the Polynesian triangle including a labelled map of the island. Oceania includes all the islands in the central and south Pacific Ocean. As they spread throughout the region, Polynesians formed unique societies on each of the islands they settled. According to many tribal narratives, Kupe was the first Pacific explorer to discover the islands of New Zealand. ... Polynesian Expansion. Maori, member of a Polynesian people of New Zealand. One early theory of the origin of Polynesians is that they came from South America and sailed west eventually reaching the Polynesian triangle. . It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. to the Polynesian expansion across the Pacifi c. Chek c your learning 16.1 cSe our 1 A timeline of key events in c hefiPciat ssoonsir ncpaaxenenayPolsi 2000 BCE 2000 c. 1500 c. 1000 c. 500 c. 500 c. 1000 c.1500 CE. China cedes Taiwan and permits Japan to trade on mainland. Atolls (ring-shaped islands made of coral) are the most common low islands in Polynesia. These are typically "desert islands" that are low-lying, narrow, and sandy with few, if any, surface streams. Expansions of Polynesia. Polynesians are part of the Austronesian-speakers who migrated from Taiwan and crossed to the Pacific through the Philippines, eastern Indonesia, New Guinea, and Melanesia. One of t… Tahiti, a typical high island, is relatively large with steep slopes, rich plant life, and many waterfalls and rushing streams. However, if you handed them a ticket marked as an all-expense paid trip to the home of the ancient Lapita, I'm theorizing you'd just get a blank look and a shoulder shrug as the person would have no clue you ju… Scientific research has established Taiwan as the origin of the Polynesian group. You will research one Polynesian island. In History. To most Maori, being Maori means recognizing and venerating their Maori ancestors, having claims to family land, and having a right to be received as taangata whenua (‘people of the land’) in the village of their ancestors. In the early 2000s, about 70 percent of the total population of Polynesia resided in Hawaii. History, map and timeline of Australia and Oceania in 30 BCE, where a new phase of Polynesian expansion in the Pacific is occuring The Austronesian peoples, also sometimes referred to as the Austronesian-speaking peoples, are a large group of various peoples in Taiwan (collectively known as Taiwanese indigenous peoples), Maritime Southeast Asia, Oceania and Madagascar that speak the Austronesian languages.The nations and territories predominantly populated by Austronesian-speaking peoples are sometimes known … Being extremely unscientific, if you asked ten Americans living in the often snow-drenched North where they'd love to go if they had a chance, I'm guessing at least two of them would say 'Hawaii'. Even a country as large as Australia could fit into the Pacific 22 times over! Maori myth suggests Chief Kupe sails to New Zealand and names it 'Aotearoa'. Lapita people Reach Vanatu, Fiji, Tonga 1200 BC. The Rapa Nui people make huge stone statues called moai. Most of the events will be focused in the Americas until later. Decorated Lapita pottery evolved into Polynesian plainware, and there were other changes in … Read more... Polynesians move further east and settle the islands of Hawaii and Rapa Nui (Easter Island). The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman claims Aotearoa, or New Zealand, for Holland. - Gestión de la producción 1, Acontecimientos importantes de la Biofísica, LINEA DEL TIEMPO DE LA BOMBILLA ELECTRICA, LÍNEA DEL TIEMPO DEL MÉXICO CONTEMPORÁNEO 1940 - 2020, Linea del tiempo, historia de los números reales, Historia de las Relaciones Publicas en México, See more Science and Technology timelines. Many New Zealand place names, preserved by later generations of Māori people, recall his journey. It is bigger than the whole of the world’s landmass. Why it’s relevant today Polynesia occupies most of the Pacific Ocean between Australia and the United States, and includes many of the countries in our region. 1894-95 - Japan goes to war with China, and its better-equipped forces win victory in just nine months. It was not until 1642 that Europeans became awarethe country existed. Between c.700 and 1756, Polynesian people settled thousands of islands across a wide area of the Pacific Ocean. Remote Islands are Discovered 1200 BC. 2000- 1000 BCE. Around 2000 BC, families made long, dangerous journeys to settle there. Other important countries are Samoa, Tonga and the Cook Islands. Polynesian Expansion Between c.700 and 1756, Polynesian people settled thousands of islands across a wide area of the Pacific Ocean. c 2000–1500 First travellers begin to move from Asia through the islands, moving east towards what becomes the Polynesian Triangle. In History. Polynesian expansion of the Pacific reached Samoa about 3,500 years ago, at which point archaeological evidence suggests a hiatus, with no further expansion south-east across the Pacific until around 1000 years ago. The term Lapita refers to an ancient Pacific culture that archaeologists believe to be the common ancestor of the contemporary cultures of Polynesia, Micronesia, and some areas of Melanesia. In the Pacific region, there is an important distinction between "high" islands and "low" islands. After all, it's paradise with sun! Each Polynesian society had its own traditions, spiritual beliefs and ways of life, but they also shared some common features. Coastal plains are absent or extremely limited on high islands. Read more... Polynesia means "many islands" in Greek. Lapita people settle Samoa 1000 BC. They built thatched wooden houses, gathered bananas, … The Polynesian Expansion across the Pacific (c. AD 700 – c. 1758) Duration: 5–6 weeks (Depth Study 5: The Asia-Pacific World) Stage 4 Detail: 15 hours/18 lessons History sample unit A. Thor Heyerdahl's east to west theory Thor Heyerdahl and the Kon-Tiki (scroll to box at bottom of page) Kon-Tiki theatrical trailer (4:15) Kon-Tiki Museum, Teaser for the original Kon-Tiki movie (1:32) History, Polynesian Discovery Part 1 (2:39 – 3:20) The introduced Polynesian rat ate the seeds of the Easter island palm tree causing it to become extinct. Maori myth suggests the Polynesian explorers Toi and Whatonga arrive in Aotearoa (New Zealand). 1 800 BCE-5 AD 1.1 Polynesian Expansion into the Americas 1.2 Nazca-Polynesian Wars 2 6 AD-500 AD 2.1 Greater Polynesian Expansion In approximately 800 BCE, Polynesians navigators first landed in southern Chile in the … He is said to have discovered the islands during a long fishing trip from a homeland in the west called Ka ‘Aina kai melemelea Kane (“Land of the yellow sea of Kane”); the Big Island was named after him while Kaua‘i, O‘ahu, and Maui were named after his children. Samoa, Tuvalu and Tonga mark the triangle's western edge. It includes 4 weeks of homework where the students examine a different Polynesian culture each week. All reproductions, total or in part, of the above timeline should cite the David Stanley references above. The settlers arrived with pigs, dogs, and hens. The Pacific Ocean is easily the largest body of water on Earth. This region is now known as the Polynesian Triangle. Preparation. New Zealand, Polynesia. As resources run out on Rapa Nui, there is warring between clans and the people practice cannibalism. POLYNESIA The name Polynesia means "region of many islands," and Polynesia comprises a group of central Pacific islands, including the Hawaiian [1], Rotuma, Uved, Tokelau, Samoan, Cook, and Easter Islands as well as Tuvalu, Tonga, Niue, and New Zealand [2]. The first Polynesian ancestors settled in the Tonga, Wallis, and Futuna, and Samoa regions. The three corners of the triangle are Hawaii in the north, Easter Island (also called Papa Nui) in the east and New Zealand in the south. The cultures of the region share many traits with each other. New Zealand has a shorter human history than any other country. Beginning around 1500 B.C., Lapita peoples began to spread eastward through the islands of Melanesia and into the remote archipelagos of the central and eastern Pacific, reaching Tonga and Samoa by roughly 1000 B.C. Polynesian expansion. Deforestation starts. The culture takes its name from the site of Lapita in New Caledonia, one of the first places in which its distinctive pottery was discovered. Tonga is settled. Create a Timeline Now; Polynesian Migration. Europe remains mostly the same before Colombus's voyage. Food begins to run out on Rapa Nui. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. ’ is cornered by Hawaii to the north, New Zealand in the south-west and Easter Island in the south-east. As early as 1844, missionaries from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (popularly called the Mormons) were working among the Polynesians in Tahiti and surrounding islands. The Voyaging Canoe. Polynesian expansion. is easily the largest body of water on Earth. Polynesian culture, the beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of the ethnogeographic group of Pacific islands known as Polynesia, which encompasses a huge triangular area of the east-central Pacific Ocean. ... polynesian expansion across the pacific Timeline created by arasmussen2. This was proposed by the archaeologist, writer, and explorer Thor Heyerdahl, who even constructed a Polynesian outrigger canoe and, with a team, sailed it west of Easter Island from the South American coast. There is no much vegetation on the hundreds of coral reefs that have formed islands (which are called 'atolls')...Hawaii, New Zealand and remote Easter Island are volcanic islands, not coral islands. c. 6,000 BCE. Create a Timeline Now; Polynesian Migration. Most species of the moa, a flightless bird of New Zealand are extinct after being hunted as a source of food. 1! The new DNA evidence, taken together with archaeological and linguistic evidence regarding the timeline of Polynesian expansion, suggests … Print; Main. Toitehuatahi(Toi), another early visitor from Hawaiki (the traditional Māori place of origin), is an important ancestor for many Māori people. The Polynesian Workbook is a comprehensive workbook that covers the Polynesian expansion based off the Australian Curriculum. Their differences are often subtle and not readily perceived by outsiders. This region is now known as the Polynesian Triangle. Migrants leave the Solomon Island for New Caledonia, Migrants continue further to Fiji, Samoa, anf Tonga, Somoan migrants continue on to the Marquesas Islands, Island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is occupied by migrants from the Marquesas Islands, Hawaii was settled by migrates from the Marquesas Islands, Maori settlers leave to Cook Islands for Aotearoa (new Zealand), Historia de la universidad de San Carlos De Guatemala y Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Los hitos más importantes del desarrollo de las redes sociales, Joshua Emmanuel Mena Núñez 322770, Marco Legal del Emprendimiento en Colombia, Antecedentes históricos de la producción. 1. The last wave of the human settlement of the Earth was performed by the Polynesians, who developed a flourishing culture across the vast distances of the Pacific Ocean. … Activity 1: I ntroduce to the class about the concept of the 'Age of Discovery' in that it is a European construct, whereas Polynesians, Chinese, Indonesians, Arabs and Vikings had been exploring new lands far and wide, well before the Western Europeans. Other important countries are Samoa, Tonga and the Cook Islands. First European contact with the Rapa Nui people. There are many different natural environments in Polynesia - from tiny islands with tropical climates to the heavily forested South Island of New Zealand with its snow-capped peaks. As they spread throughout the region, Polynesians formed unique societies on each of the islands they settled. Polynesia is characterized by a small amount of land spread over a very large portion of the mid- and southern Pacific Ocean.It comprises approximately 300,000 to 310,000 square kilometres (117,000 to 118,000 sq mi) of land, of which more than 270,000 km 2 (103,000 sq mi) are within New Zealand.The Hawaiian archipelago comprises about half the remainder. Resources: Polynesian_intro pdf attached below, either use as a teaching source or a student resource. The original Polynesian settlers discovered the country on deliberate voyages of exploration, navigating by making use of prevailing winds and ocean currents, and observing the stars. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Migrants leave what we know as Taiwan fo Melanesia. Period: Jan 1, 1901 to Oct 10, 2012. dates of polynesian expansion Oct 10, 1901. Jan 1, 1901. Polynesians settle Marquesas & Hawiian Is. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. The Lapita were a seafaring people who settled primarily on the coast rather than inland and their skilled navigators traversed the ocean with ease. The last. In the 19th century, Hawaiian scholars Kamakau and Kepelino attributed the discovery of Hawai‘i to a fisherman named Hawai‘iloa. Remote Islands are Discovered 1200 BC. 1200 BC. Internet access or copies of resource materials; Examine the following sources to learn about alternative views. The British explorer James Cook visits Rapa Nui. This is a timeline for theImmune Americaspage. Stories about his exploration on his canoe, the Matawhaorua or Matahorua, differ from region to region but often feature a fight with a great wheke (octopus). The navigator credited in some traditions … Lapita people reach Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga. 6, 000 BCE. Year 8 History: The Ancient to the Modern World is a series of eleven classroom resources – produced by ATOM – that are designed to impart the knowledge, historical skills and understanding of key concepts required in key curriculum documents for all states and territories in Australia.. Polynesia includes all the islands within what is generally called the Polynesian Triangle. It then goes through a range … Polynesians arrive in NZ 1300 AD. Abel Tasman founded NZ … This demonstrated the feasibility of using a primitive craft such as an outrigger c… Choose out of the following: Samoa New Zealand Fiji Hawaii The following points need to be covered in this assignment. This video is part of the #OperationOdysseus collaboration. First travellers begin to move from Asia through the islands, moving east towards what becomes the Polynesian Triangle. Polynesia is a group of scattered islands in the vast Pacific Ocean. Polynesian Expansion. 300 AD. 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